What Is Slow Fashion? (And 10 Tips To Start)
Slow fashion means quality over quantity. Here are 5 simple tips for a slower and more sustainable wardrobe.
In a world of 99-cent bikinis and epic YouTube shopping hauls, clothing has never been cheaper.
Global brands offer new collections every few weeks – while last week’s styles are tossed into the bargain bins.
Fashion moves fast and constantly reinvents itself to lure more shoppers.
And it’s made fast too, by underpaid workers that hastily stitch together slabs of polyester.
But fast fashion isn’t made to last. And a whopping 85% of clothes end up in landfills – while 60% of new purchases get thrown away within a year.
Slow fashion is a reaction to this mega industry. It emphasizes quality over quantity – and it promotes clothing that’s made without exploitation of workers or the environment.
Slow fashion brands use eco-friendly materials (like linen) in timeless styles that can be worn for many years. These brands often draw inspiration from local artisans and traditional, regional ways of making garments.
Slow fashion meaning:
- made from quality eco-friendly and sustainable materials – like linen, organic cotton or Tencel
- uses repurposed textiles or raw materials
- timeless instead of trendy and often made in wearable and classic styles.
- sold at smaller local shops instead of global chains
- locally made to allow control over the supply chain and labor conditions
- released in fewer collections or sold as a seasonless and permanent selection
- made to order or in small batches to reduce excess production
- has a fully transparent system of production
- manufactured well to increase the life of the garment
- designed with cultural and emotional meaning
Slow fashion vs sustainable fashion
The concept of slow fashion is similar to sustainable fashion – both call for a change in the fast-fashion status quo for the good of the workers and the environment.
Sustainable fashion emphasizes natural materials and low-impact manufacturing that doesn’t produce toxic waste.
Slow fashion, in turn, emphasizes quality locally-made garments produced on a smaller scale.
The slow fashion movement
Like slow living and sustainable travel, slow fashion stands against consumerism and throw-away culture.
Slow fashion promotes high-quality clothes that are made with respect to workers, animals and the planet.
Activist Kate Fletcher first coined the term “slow fashion” in a 2007 article in The Ecologist. Fletcher claimed fast fashion was all about greed – selling more and making more money.
Inspired by the Slow Food Movement in Italy, which formed when a McDonald’s planned to open right on the Spanish Steps, Fletcher calls for fashion that’s both pleasurable and responsible.
Today, as the horror stories of the fast fashion industry make headlines (and global warming is seen in the daily news), more people are learning about the devastating impacts of fast fashion.
The Dhaka garment factory collapse that killed 1,134 workers in 2013 in Bangladesh brought the tragedy of fast fashion into the spotlight.
Brands have responded with labels like “ethical” and “sustainable” now seen at the world’s biggest retailers.
But these changes are sometimes mere slogans to appeal to the consumer. And they’re just another form of greenwashing that doesn’t always go beyond the label.
Fast fashion brands still use child labour and function in deplorable conditions, while brands rarely track where their stock is coming from.
And while the slow fashion movement has made strides in promoting a more sustainable lifestyle, it hasn’t exactly toppled the billion-dollar fast fashion giants.
Slow fashion is costlier to produce – it uses premium fabrics and pays workers a fair wage. And as a result, slow fashion brands are more expensive and not always accessible to everyone.
But there are some simple tips to build a more sustainable wardrobe that’s both practical and timeless.
Slow fashion facts
A single pair of jeans takes up to 20,000 litres of water to make.
Three-fifths of all clothing ends up in an incinerator or landfill within a year of production.
Clothing production has doubled in the last 15 years – and clothes are being worn less and thrown away quicker than ever before.
The fashion industry produces some 20 percent of global wastewater.
Only 15 percent of consumers recycle their used clothes.
Slow fashion tips
“Buy less, choose well, make it last,” Vivienne Westwood said. And that’s still the best advice for refining your closet – and leaving fast fashion behind for good.
- 1. Buy less: Slow fashion stands against the mindless consumption that sees clothing as a disposable, throw-away indulgence. If you’ve ever spent a weekend at a shopping mall, you know that shopping is often a pastime and a form of retail therapy – clothes are not purchased out of necessity. In a society that treats clothing as a status symbol, slow fashion is about slowing down your consumption.
- 2. Choose well: A hurried, impulse buy of a trendy item often gets shoved to the back of the closet. When buying new clothes, be selective and thoughtful to ensure the piece will last for many seasons. Chose quality fabrics that are made well – and invest in higher-end pieces that won’t fall apart in the laundry. Define your style and be selective about what fits your aesthetic – and what’s right for your body.
- 3. Make it last: Take proper care of your clothing and follow care instructions on the label to use the right temperatures and cycles.
- 4. Fix what’s broken: If your jeans are too long, take them to a tailor and get them hemmed. If your sweaters have holes, mend them with a needle and thread. Too often we’re told to get rid of clothing that shows any kind of wear. But a few simple stitches can often fix many problems. Get a sewing kit and mend small holes and replace lost buttons. Make your footwear last longer by taking in broken heals or worn-out soles to a shoe repair shop. And if you don’t love the fit of a garment then get it altered.
How to leave fast fashion behind:
- 5. Shop secondhand: Thrift stores are great if you’re on a budget – or if you’re looking for durable basics that have already survived some wear. Secondhand shops are great to experiment with new cuts and colors to hone in on your personal style. They’re also great for some guilt-free retail therapy and can breathe new life into garments you already own.
- 6. Dispose responsibly: The bulk of clothes donated to thrift shops end up in landfills. Buy less and choose well, but when you fumble then make an effort to return the item, upcycle or pass it along to a friend.
- 7. Unfollow toxic influencers: If your social media feed makes you feel insecure about your style – and leaves you dreaming about that next shopping spree that will magically make your life better – then it’s time to unfollow any accounts that make you feel small. Unsubscribe from newsletters and YouTube channels that promote fast fashion and endless shopping sprees.
- 8. Do your research: Look into the brands you’re buying from. Treat your money spent as an investment into the brand. Browse their website to learn about their materials and sourcing. How transparent is the brand in their practices? How often do they produce new collections?
- 9. Shop smart: Read labels and make sure the fabrics are high quality – avoid polyester and synthetics. Check the stitching for durability and don’t forget tell-tale details like buttons, zippers and hooks that often signal the quality of production. Price isn’t always a good indicator of quality – so learn how to shop smart and spot good quality garments.
- 10. Wear your old pieces in new ways: Look through your closet and you’ll probably find clothes you forgot you even had. Style what you already own in new and surprising combinations.
Is a capsule wardrobe the answer?
A curated collection of staples that works well together eliminates the stress of deciding what to wear.
If your closet is overflowing but it feels like you have nothing to wear, a capsule wardrobe takes the hassle out of getting dressed.
Pick a color palette that fits your style – then keep all your basics in neutral tones and add a few accent colors and patters for personality.
Know what pieces you wear most often – and invest in high-quality and timeless versions of those styles.
5 amazing slow fashion brands
1. Not Perfect Linen
This Lithuanian-based brand sells gorgeous tops, dresses and jumpsuits made with quality linen in a wide palette. There are plenty of neutrals – but also juicy, bold colors in simple cuts.
The brand enforces sustainable and ethical practices and works on a made-to-order basis to reduce waste.
Their cuts suit all ages, shapes and sizes of women – ensuring a relaxed fit that will work for years to come.
The brand says that linen isn’t perfect. “If you keep trying to iron it, you will definitely miss the beauty of it,” the brand says. “Linen needs to be used and it gets better with age.”
Asket has a single permanent collection that offers perfectly-fitting staples like t-shirts and jeans.
The brand develops just a few wardrobe essentials a year and always works to improve existing items. Their items are made to fit a woman’s real body – and sold at reasonable prices.
Their collection also boasts t-shirts made with lyocell, a silky and breathable material made from renewable sources. The t-shirts are loose with an open neckline and slightly shorter sleeves – and they’re very comfortable.
Founded in 2015, this Stockholm-based brand pays its workers a living wage, uses organic cotton and works with non-toxic dyes.
3. People Tree
This UK brand is a slow fashion pioneer that’s been creating eco-friendly fashion since 1991.
Their collections are modern and timeless – but also stylish and playful with prints inspired by the V&A archives. Pieces are made with organic cotton, lyocell and responsible wool.
People Tree is also a rare brand that works with artisans on techniques like hand block printing and hand knitting.
They were the first fashion brand to earn a fair trade label – and they’re also cruelty-free and PETA approved.
4. MUD Jeans
MUD Jeans offers high-quality denim made with organic and recycled cotton.
Since jeans are one of the most polluting fashion items, the brand is making a dent in fast fashion by recycling and using eco-friendly materials.
MUD Jeans currently contain 40% recycled cotton – and the brand aims to be the first to make jeans with 100% recycled materials.
The jeans are also very flattering and offer a perfect fit for all body types.
This Los Angeles brand makes luxury vegan handbags, totes, clutches and accessories – all handcrafted from premium European fabrics.
Their pieces are durable and timeless. And the brand is manufactured locally with eco-friendly materials.
Svala is inspired by the founder’s love of animals and nature – and her affinity for minimal and clean-cut Scandinavian design.
The brand offers innovative pieces like a gold-speckled tote made from cork and clutches made with a new material from pineapple leaf fibres. Svala also uses BioVeg – an innovative fabric made from recycled polyester – to create very unique pieces.
Slow fashion quotes
If you’re looking for motivation, these powerful quotes will make you re-thing fast fashion:
“Infinite growth of material consumption in a finite world is an impossibility.” – E.F. Schumacher
“Fast fashion is not free. Someone somewhere is paying.” – Lucy Siegle
“Colonialism is not a thing of the past, it is a current economic reality.” – Céline Semaan
“The most sustainable garment is the one already in your wardrobe.” – Orsola de Castro
“Cheap fashion is really far from that. It may be cheap in terms of the financial cost, but very expensive when it comes to the environment and the cost of human life.” – Sass Brown
The role of governments
We can make all these changes as consumers, but we can’t get at the root of the problem unless we hold our governments and politicians accountable.
Yes it’s absolutely worthwhile to buy organic cotton and limit your spending. We’re definitely making a difference when we opt for slow fashion.
But brands will always want to lower their costs and increase their profits. And today fast fashion is worse than ever with Chinese brands making their clothing even cheaper thanks to child labour.
Governments need to step in and force corporations to pay for their impact on the environment. Taxing carbon, water and plastics would discourage their use and make natural materials more profitable.
Yes, we need slow fashion. But we also need to support the politicians who advocate for these changes.
Am attempting to live a more sustainable and ethical life, after a long battle with illness. Looking for purpose and meaning in life. After 16 moves with my husband being in the Navy and me being a an RN, its time to take stock of life an what really counts .